Nicholas dispenses gifts, while Krampus supplies coal and the Ruten bundles.[20]. He is represented as a three-horned goat, with black human face. To satisfy their anger children and young people must recite a prayer. There is mention of a "Master Leonard" in the Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (published 1898) in association with the alleged deity of the Templars, the Baphomet or "Goat of Mendes".

Detail of a 16th-century painting by Jacob de Backer in the National Museum in Warsaw. He marks his initiates with one of his horns. The Four Horned Jacob Sheep typically carries 2 pairs of horns in both the male and female. Daniel 8:3 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had two horns: and the two horns were high; but one was higher than the other, and the higher came up last. [1], Krampus carries chains, thought to symbolize the binding of the Devil by the Christian Church. [4] This quality can be found in other Companions of Saint Nicholas such as Zwarte Piet. Sometimes Krampus appears with a sack or a basket strapped to his back; this is to cart off evil children for drowning, eating, or transport to Hell. In Egypt, the bull was worshiped as Apis, the embodiment of Ptah and later of Osiris.A long series of ritually perfect bulls were identified by the god's priests, housed in the temple for their lifetime, then embalmed and encased in a giant sarcophagus.A long sequence of monolithic stone sarcophagi were housed in the Serapeum, and were rediscovered by Auguste Mariette at Saqqara in 1851. As a part of a tradition, when a child receives a gift from St. Nicholas he is given a golden branch to represent his good deeds throughout the year; however, if the child has misbehaved, Krampus will take the gifts for himself and leave only a silver branch to represent the child's bad acts. [15], Although Krampus appears in many variations, most share some common physical characteristics. In Central European folklore, Krampus is a horned, anthropomorphic figure described as "half-goat, half-demon", who, during the Christmas season, punishes children who have misbehaved. These Styrian companions of Krampus are called Schabmänner or Rauhen. Countries of the former Habsburg Empire have largely borrowed the tradition of Krampus accompanying St. Nicholas on 5 December from Austria. Explaining the horrific Christmas beast", "The Origin of Krampus, Europe's Evil Twist on Santa", "Krampus disliked in Fascist Austria; Genial Black and Red Devil, Symbol of Christmas Fun, Is Frowned Upon", "Austria struggles with marauding Krampus demons gone rogue: Police record rising violence and drunkenness in relation to traditional folkloric festivities", "Horror for the Holidays: Meet the Anti Santa", "Horror for the Holidays: Meet the Anti-Santa", "Dobili ste šibu u čizmici? Due to sparse population and rugged environments within the Alpine region, the ban was not effective or easily enforced, rendering the ban useless. The Horned god represents the male part of the religion's duotheistic theological system, the consort of the female Triple goddess of the Moon or other Mother goddess. The most traditional Krampus costumes are made from goat/sheep skins, animal horns, and hand carved masks. Black banquets are thrown in Leonard's honor where aborted kid goats are eaten without salt and boiled with reptiles to sully the sinless nature of the clean meat.

Nicholas himself became popular in Germany around the eleventh century. Masked devils acting boisterously and making nuisances of themselves are known in Germany since at least the sixteenth century while animal masked devils combining dreadful-comic (schauriglustig) antics appeared in Medieval church plays.

[26], Similar figures are recorded in neighboring areas. Sometimes introduced with Gruß vom Krampus (Greetings from Krampus), the cards usually have humorous rhymes and poems. Infernal powers obtained from the worship of Master Leonard range from metamorphosis into monstrous animals or men to flight as an incubus. Eventually the Perchtenlauf, inspired by the Nicholas plays, introduced Saint Nicholas and his set of good morals.

Several Krampus costume instructional YouTube videos are available.[32][33][34][35][36]. Sometimes accompanying St. Nicholas and sometimes on his own, Krampus visits homes and businesses.

The character of Krampus has been imported and modified for various North American media,[37][38] including print (e.g. They believe Krampus derives from a pagan supernatural who was assimilated to the Christian devil. In these Nicholas plays, Saint Nicholas would reward children for scholarly efforts rather than for good behavior.

Any child resulting from this union will be stillborn, an offering for sin, again echoing loosely the story of Aaron. In a brief article discussing the figure, published in 1958, Maurice Bruce wrote: There seems to be little doubt as to his true identity for, in no other form is the full regalia of the Horned God of the Witches so well preserved. He marked his novitiates with one of his horns.- Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power. It is customary to offer a Krampus schnapps, a strong distilled fruit brandy. Perchtenlaufs were looked at with suspicion by the Catholic Church and banned by some civil authorities.

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